The various gender analysis tools generally provide broad advice about gender and the importance of taking the differences between men and women into account, along with a short checklist for ready use by researchers, policy makers, program developers and managers.
The checklist usually breaks down the steps involved in research, policy development and implementation, program management and evaluation, and asks key gender related questions at each stage. The questions are intended to provide a prompt and guide to gender based analysis.
As outlined in Health Canada's Exploring Concepts of Gender and Health, the following questions should form the basis of such a tool: 206
- Are differences in the contexts of the lives of women and men, girls and boys addressed?
- Is the diversity within subgroups of women and men, girls and boys identified and analysed?
- Are women and men engaged in the process in meaningful ways to assess the impacts?
- Are intended and unintended outcomes identified?
- Are other social, political and economic realities taken into account?
Such tools could be utilised or developed and applied to policies, strategies, programs and priority areas, to ensure that differences between women and men, and between groups of women, are adequately accounted for.